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Background for Ars Magica sagas

Parallels and Connections Between the Hellenic, Semitic, and Anatolian Cultures

Alexiou, M. "Reappropriating Greek Sacrifice: homo necans or anthrôpos thysiazôn?" Journal of Modern Greek Studies 8 (1990):97-123.

Artzy, Michal. "Nami: A 2nd Millenium International Maritime Trading Center in the Mediterranean." In Recent Excavations in Israel: A View to the West, ??. S. Gitin, ed. Archaeological Institute of America Colloquia & Conference Papers No. 1. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt, 1995.

Barnes, Hazel E. "Images of Iphigenia." In Woman's Power, Man's Game: Essays on Classical Antiquity in Honor of Joy K. King, 373-91. M. DeForest, ed. Wauconda, IL: Bolchazy-Carducci, 1993.

Berg, William. "Eleusinian and Mediterranean Harvest Myths." Fabula 15 (1974):202-11.

Bernal, Martin. Black Athena. The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization. 2 vols. New Brunswick: Rutgers Univ. Press, 1987 & 1991.

Billigmeier, Jon-Christian. Kadmos and the Possibility of a Semitic Presence in Helladic Greece. Amsterdam: J. C. Gieben, 1981.

Boardman, John. "Amasis: The Implications of His Name." In Papers on the Amasis Painter and His World, 141-52. Malibu: Undena, 1987.

Boardman, John. The Greeks Overseas. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1980 [1st ed. 1964].

Boutros, Labib. Phoenician Sport: Its Influence on the Origin of the Olympic Games. Semitohellenica, 1. Amsterdam: J. C. Gieben, 1981.

Bouzek, J. The Aegean, Anatolia and Europe: Cultural Interrelations in the 2nd Millennium B.C. Göteborg: Paul Aström, 1985.

Braun, T. F. R. G. "The Greek in the Near East." In Cambridge Ancient History 3/3, 1-31. 2nd ed. J. Boardman and N. G. L. Hammond, eds. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1982.

Brown, John Pairman. "The Mediterranean Seer and Shamanism." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentlichen Wissenschaft 93 (1981):374-400.

Brown, John Pairman. "The Sacrificial Cult and Its Critique in Greek and Hebrew (II)." Journal of Semitic Studies 25 (1980):1-21.

Buccellati, Giorgio. "Wisdom and Not: The Case of Mesopotamia." Journal of the American Oriental Society 101 (1981):35-47.

Burkert, Walter. "Craft versus Sect: The Problem of the Orphics and Pythagoreans." In Jewish and Christian Self-Definition. Vol 3: Self-Definition in the Graeco-Roman World, 1-22, 183-89. B. F. Meyer and E. P. Sanders, eds. London: SCM, 1982 (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1983).

Burkert, Walter. "Itinerant Diviners and Magicians: A Neglected Element in Cultural Contacts." In The Greek Renaissance of the Eighth Century B.C.: Tradition and Innovation, 115-19. R. Hägg, ed. Stockholm: Aströms, 1983.

Burkert, Walter. "Oriental Myth and Literature in the Iliad." In The Greek Renaissance of the Eighth Century B.C.: Tradition and Innovation, 51-56. R. Hägg, ed. Stockholm: Aströms, 1983.

Burkert, Walter. "Oriental and Greek Mythology: The Meeting of Parallels." In Interpretations of Greek Mythology, 10-40. J. Bremmer, ed. London: Croom Helm, 1987.

Burkert, Walter. The Orientalizing Revolution: Near Eastern Influence on Greek Culture in the Early Archaic Age. M. E. Pinder and W. Burkert, trans. Revealing Antiquity, 5. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press, 1992 [German ed. 1984]

Burkert, Walter. "Seven Against Thebes: An Oral Tradition between Babylonian Magic and Greek Literature." In I poemi epici rapsodicinon omerici e la tradizione orale, 29-48. C. Brillante, et al., eds. Padua: Editrice Antenore, 1981.

Carp, Teresa. "Teiresias, Samuel, and the Way Home." California Studies in Classical Antiquity 12 (1979):65-76.

Coldstream, J. "Greeks and Phoenicians in the Aegean." In Phönizier im Westen, 261-75. H. G. Niemeyer, ed. Madrider Beiträge, 8. Mainz: Philipp von Zabern, 1982.

Considine, P. "The Theme of Divine Wrath in Ancient East Mediterranean Literature." Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici 8 (1969):85-159.

Cowell, J. H. "Foreign Influence on Greek Religion (to the End of the Fifth Century)." Pegasus 13 (1971):8-29.

Crane, G. Calypso. Backgrounds and Conventions of the Odyssey. Frankfurt: Athenäum, 1988.

Crowley, Janice L. The Aegean and the East: An Investigation into the Transference of Artistic Motifs between the Aegean, Egypt, and the near East in the Bronze Age. Jonsered, Sweden: Paul Aström, 1989.

Delcor, Mathias. "The Selloi of the Oracle of Dodona and the Oracular Priests of the Semitic Religions." In Wort, Lied, und Gottesspruch: Beiträge zur Septuaginta. Festschrift für Joseph Ziegler, 31-38. J Schreiner, ed. Würzburg: Echter Verlag, 1972.

Dothan, Trude. "Tel Miqne-Ekron: The Aegean Affinities of the Sea Peoples' (Philistines') Settlement in Canaan in Iron Age I." In Recent Excavations in Israel: A View to the West, ??. S. Gitin, ed. Archaeological Institute of America Colloquia & Conference Papers No. 1. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt, 1995.

Dunbabin, T. J. The Greeks and Their Eastern Neighbors. Studies in the Relations between Greece and the Countries of the Near East in the 8th and 7th Centuries B.C. JHS Supplementary Papers, 8. London: Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies, 1957. [Reprinted 1979].

Edwards, Ruth B. Kadmos the Phoenician: A Study in Greek Legends and the Mycenaean Age. Amsterdam: Adolf M. Hakkert, 1979.

Faraone, Christopher A. "Hephaestus the Magician and Near Eastern Parallels for Alcinous' Watchdogs." Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 28 (1987):257-80.

Feldman, Louis H. "Homer and the Near East: The Rise of the Greek Genius." Biblical Archaeologist 59 (1996):13-21.

Francis, E. D. and M. Vickers. "Greek Geometric Pottery at Hama and its Implications for Near Eastern Chronology." Levant 17 (1984):131-38.

Frankenstein, S. "The Phoenicians in the Far West: A Function of Neo-Assyrian Imperialism." In Power and Propaganda, 263-94. Mesopotamia: Copenhagen Studies in Assyriology, 7. M. Trolle Larsen, ed. Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag, 1979.

Gilmour, G. "Aegean Sanctuaries and the Levant in the Late Bronze Age." The Annual of the British School at Athens 88 (1993):125-34.

Gitin, Seymour. "Tel Miqne-Ekron in the 7th Century B.C.E.: The Impact of Economic Innovation and Foreign Cultural Influences on a Neo-Assyrian Vassal City-State." In Recent Excavations in Israel: A View to the West, ??. S. Gitin, ed. Archaeological Institute of America Colloquia & Conference Papers No. 1. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt, 1995.

Goldman, Bernard. "The Asiatic Ancestry of the Greek Gorgon." Berytus 14 (1961):1-23.

Gordon, Cyrus H. and Gary Rendsburg. The Ancient Near East. New York: Norton, 1997. [earlier eds. by Gordon 1953, 1958, 1965]

Gordon, Cyrus H. "Vergil and the Near East." Ugaritica VI, 267-88. Paris: Mission Archeologique de Ras Shamra, 1969.

Gresseth, Gerald K. "The Gilgamesh Epic and Homer." Classical Journal 70 (1975):1-18.

Grottanelli, Cristiano. "Healers and Saviours of the Eastern Mediterranean in Pre-Classical Times." In La Soteriologia Dei Culti Orientali Nell' Impero Romano, 649-70. U. Bianchi and M. J. Vermaseren, eds. Études Préliminaires aux Religions Orientales dans l'Empire Romain, 4. Leiden: Brill, 1982.

Güterbock, Hans Gustav. "The Hittite Version of the Hurrian Kumarbi Myths: Oriental Forerunners of Hesiod." American Journal of Archaeology 52 (1948):123-34.

Gunter, A. "Models of the Orient in the Art History of the Orientalizing Period." In Achaemenid History. Vol. 5: The Roots of the European Tradition, 137-41. H. Sancisi-Weerdenburg and J. M. Drijvers, eds. Leiden: Brill, 1990.

Hägg, Robin, ed. The Greek Renaissance of the Eighth Century B.C.: Tradition and Innovation. Stockholm: Aströms, 1983.

Hallo, William W. "Disturbing the Dead." In Minhah le-Nahum: Biblical and Other Studies Presented to Nahum M. Sarna in Honour on His 70th Birthday, 183-92. M. Brettler and M. Fishbane, eds. JSOT Supplement Series, 154. Sheffield: Academic, 1993.

Hanson, K. C. "When the King Crosses the Line: Royal Deviance and Restitution in Levantine Ideologies." Biblical Theology Bulletin 26 (1996):11-25.

Held, George F. "Parallels Between the Gilgamesh Epic and Plato's Symposium." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 42 (1983):133-41.

Huxley, George C. "Hittites in Homer." La parola del passato 14 (1959):282.

Johnstone, W. "Cursive Phoenician and the Archaic Greek Alphabet." Kadmos 17 (1978):151-66.

Karavites, Peter (with the collaboration of Thomas Wren). Promise-giving and Treaty-making: Homer and the Near East. Mnemosyne Supplements, 119. Leiden: Brill, 1992.

Knox, M. "Polyphemos and His Near Eastern Relations." Journal of Hellenic Studies 99 (1979):164-65.

Kochavi, M. "Some Connections between the Aegean and the Levant in the Second Millennium B.C.: A View from the East." In Greece between East and West: 10th-8th Centuries B.C.: Papers of the Meeting at the Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, March 15-16th, 1990, 7-15. G. Kopcke and I. Tokumaru, eds. Mainz: ??, 1992.

Koenen, L. "Greece, the Near East, and Egypt: Cyclic Destruction in Hesiod and the Catalogue of Women." Transactions of the American Philological Association 124 (1994):1-34.

Kurht, Amélie. "Assyrian and Babylonian Traditions in Classical Authors: A Critical Synthesis." In Mesopotamien und seine Nachbarn. Politische und kulturelle Wechselbeziehungen im Alten vorderasien vom 4. Bis 1. Jahrtausend v. Chr., 539-53. H. Kühne, et al., eds. Berliner Beiträge zum Vorderen Orient, 1. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer, 1982.

Lambert, Wilfred G. and Peter Walcot. "A New Babylonian Theogony and Hesiod." Kadmos 4 (1965):64-72.

Lambrou-Philippson, C. Hellenorientalia: The Near Eastern Presence in the Bronze Age Aegean, ca. 300-1100 B.C. Göteborg, Sweden: Paul Aström, 1990.

Littman, Robert J. "Athens, Persia and the Book of Ezra." Transactions of the American Philological Association 125 (1995):251-59.

Lord, Albert B. "Gilgamesh and Other Epics." In Lingering Over Words: Studies in Ancient Near Eastern Literature in Honor of William L. Moran, 371-80. T. Abusch, et al., eds. Harvard Semitic Studies, 37. Atlanta: Scholars, 1990.

Malina, Bruce J. "Mediterranean Sacrifice: Dimensions of Domestic and Political Religion." Biblical Theology Bulletin 26 (1996):26-44.

Marblestone, Howard. "A 'Mediterranean Synthesis': Professor Cyrus H. Gordon's Contributions to the Classics." Biblical Archaeologist 59 (1996):22-30.

Mondi, Robert. "Greek Mythic Thought in the Light of the Near East." In Approaches to Greek Myth, 142-98. L. Edmunds, ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1990.

Moran, William L. "An Assyrological Gloss on the New Archilochos Fragment." Harvard Studies in Philology 82 (1978):17-19.

Morris, Sarah. Daedalos and the Origins of Greek Art. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1992.

Morris, Sarah. "Daidalos and Kadmos: Classicism and 'Orientalism.'"Arethusa (Special Issue) (1989):39-54.

Morris, Sarah P. "The Sacrifice of Astyanax: Near Eastern Contributions to the Siege of Troy." In The Ages of Homer: A Tribute to Emily Townsend Vermeule, 221-45. J. B. Carter and S. P. Morris, eds. Austin: Univ. of Texas Press, 1995.

Muhly, James D. "Black Athena versus Traditional Scholarship." Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 3 (1990):53-55,83-110.

Muhly, James D. "Homer and the Phoenicians: The Relations Between Greece and the Near East in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Ages." Berytus 19 (1970):19-64.

Naveh, Joseph. Early History of the Alphabet: An Introduction to West Semitic Epigraphy and Palaeography. Jerusalem: Magnes, 1982.

Negbi, O. "Levantine Elements in the Sacred Architecture of the Aegean." The Annual of the British School at Athens 83 (1988):339-57.

Penglase, Charles. Greek Myths and Mesopotamia: Parallels and Influence in the Homeric Hymns and Hesiod. London: Routledge, 1994.

Pierce, S. "Death, Revelry, and Thysia." Classical Antiquity 12 (1993):219-66.

Pope, Marvin H. "The Saltier of Atargatis Reconsidered." In Essays in Honor of Nelson Glueck: Near Eastern Archaeology in the Twentieth Century, 178-96. J. A. Sanders, ed. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1970.

Pope, Marvin H. "The Status of El at Ugarit." Ugarit-Forschungen 19 (1987):219-30.

Puhvel, Jaan. "Homeric Questions and Hittite Answers." American Journal of Philology 104 (1983):217-27.

Rendsburg, Gary A. "Notes on Genesis XXXV." Vetus Testamentum 34 (1984):361-66.

Russo, Joseph. "Oral Theory: Its Development in Homeric Studies and Applicability to Other Literatures." In Mesopotamian Epic Literature: Oral or Auraàõ 7-21. M. E. Vogelsang and H. L. J. Vanstiphout, eds. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen, 1992.

Sculley, S. Homer and the Sacred City. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press, 1990.

Solmsen, Friedrich. "The Two Near Eastern Sources of Hesiod." Hermes 117 (1989):413-22.

Walcot, Peter. "The Comparative Study of Ugaritic and Greek Literature II." Ugarit-Forschungen 2 (1970):273-75

Walcot, Peter. "The Comparative Study of Ugaritic and Greek Literature III." Ugarit-Forschungen 4 (1972):129-32.

Walcot, Peter. "Odysseus and the Contest of the Bow: The Comparative Evidence." Studi Miccenei ed Egeo-Anatolici 84 (1984):357-69.

West, M. L. Early Greek Philosophy and the Orient. Oxford: Clarendon, 1971.

West, M. L. The East Face of Helicon. West Asiatic Elements in Greek Poetry and Myth. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1997.

West, M. L. "The Rise of the Greek Epic." Journal of Hellenic Studies 108 (1988):151-72.

Whallon, W. Formula, Character and Context: Studies in Homeric, Old English, and Old Testament Poetry. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press, 1975.

Wilson, J. R. "The Gilgamesh Epic and the Iliad." EMC 30 (1986):25-41.

Winter, Irene J. "Homer's Phoenicians: History, Ethnography, or Literary Trope? [A Perspective on Early Orientalism]." In The Ages of Homer: A Tribute to Emily Townsend Vermeule, 247-71. J. B. Carter and S. P. Morris, eds. Austin: Univ. of Texas Press, 1995.

Yamauchi, Edwin A. "Two Reformers Compared; Solon of Athens and Nehemiah of Jerusalem." In The Bible World: Essays in Honor of C. H. Gordon, 269-92. G. Rendsberg, et al., eds. New York: ??, 1980.

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